Guy on roof_extend6

Roofing Terms: Common Vocabulary in the Industry

Roof SlopeRoofing can be a daunting subject for homeowners, especially when it comes to the terminology and lingo. Sometimes roofing contractors like Segelman Shaw Roofing, Siding & Gutters forget that most people don’t live and breathe this industry. 

At the same time, it’s important to have a basic understanding of roofing terms in order to communicate effectively with contractors and make informed decisions about your roof. 

That’s why we’ve put together this guide to common roofing terms.

We’ll cover everything from eaves and exposure to ridge vents and crickets. We’ll explain what each term means and how it relates to your roof. 

By the end of this article, you’ll have a solid understanding of the language of roofing and be better equipped to navigate the roofing process. So let’s dive in and start with the basics.

Roofing Basics

When it comes to understanding roofing, there are a few basics that everyone should know. In this section, we’ll cover the different types of roofs and popular roofing materials.

Types of Roofs

House Exterior ContractorThere are many different types of roofs, each with their own unique characteristics and benefits. Here are a few of the most common types of roofs:

  • Gable Roof: A gable roof is a simple, triangular roof that slopes in two directions. It’s one of the most popular types of roofs in the United States.
  • Hip Roof: A hip roof is similar to a gable roof, but it has four sloping sides instead of two. This type of roof is great for areas with high wind or snow loads.
  • Flat Roof: A flat roof is exactly what it sounds like – a roof that is flat. It’s commonly used on commercial buildings, but can also be used on residential homes.
  • Mansard Roof: A mansard roof has two slopes on each side, with the lower slope being steeper than the upper slope. This type of roof is often used on French-style homes.

Roofing Materials

There are many different types of roofing materials to choose from, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Here are a few of the most popular roofing materials:

  • Asphalt Shingles: Asphalt shingles are the most popular roofing material. They’re affordable, relatively easy to install, and come in a wide variety of qualities, colors, and styles.
  • Metal Roofing: Metal roofing is becoming increasingly popular especially in the northeast due to its durability and energy efficiency. It’s also available in a wide variety of colors and styles.
  • Tile Roofing: Tile roofing is a popular choice for homes in the Southwest. It’s durable, long-lasting, and has a unique, Spanish-style look.
  • Slate Roofing: Slate roofing is one of the most expensive roofing materials, but it’s also one of the most durable. It can last up to 100 years or more.

Overall, when it comes to choosing a roof, it’s important to consider your budget, the four seasons here, and the style of your home. 

We hope this section has helped you understand the basics of roofing and the different types of roofs and roofing materials available.

Roofing Components

When it comes to roofing, there are several components that work together to create a complete roofing system. In this section, we will discuss the four main components of a roofing system: underlayment, flashing, shingles, and gutters.


The underlayment is a layer of material that is installed directly onto the roof deck before the shingles are installed. 

It acts as a secondary barrier against water infiltration and helps to protect the roof deck from moisture damage. 

There are several types of underlayment available, including felt paper, synthetic underlayment, and rubberized asphalt.


Flashing is a material that is installed around roof penetrations, such as chimneys, vents, and skylights, to prevent water from entering the roof system. 

It is typically made of metal, such as aluminum or copper, and is custom-fit to each penetration. 

Flashing is an essential component of a roofing system, as it helps to prevent water damage and leaks.


Shingles are the most visible component of a roofing system and are the first line of defense against the elements. 

They come in a variety of materials, including asphalt, wood, metal, and slate, and are available in a range of colors and styles. 

Shingles are installed in overlapping rows or courses, with each row offset from the one below it.


GuttersGutters are an essential component of a roofing system, as they help to channel water away from the roof and foundation of the home. 

They are typically made of aluminum or vinyl and are available in a range of colors and styles. 

Gutters are installed along the edge of the roof and are connected to downspouts, which direct the water away from the home.

Roofing Techniques

When it comes to roofing, there are various techniques that we use for installation, maintenance, and repair. In this section, we will discuss these techniques in detail.


Roof installation is a complex process that requires careful planning and execution. Here are some of the techniques we use for roof installation:

  • Deck preparation: Before installing the roof, we ensure that the deck is properly prepared. This involves checking for any damage, rot, or decay and repairing it before installing the roof.
  • Underlayment installation: We install a layer of underlayment on the deck before installing the shingles. This provides an extra layer of protection against moisture and helps to extend the life of the roof.
  • Shingle installation: We install shingles in overlapping rows or courses. This ensures that the roof is properly sealed and protected from the elements.


Regular maintenance is essential for keeping your roof in good condition. Here are some of the techniques we use for roof maintenance:

  • Inspection: We inspect the roof regularly to check for any damage or signs of wear and tear. This helps us to identify any issues early on and address them before they become more serious.
  • Cleaning: We clean the roof to remove any debris, dirt, or algae that may have accumulated on it. This helps to prevent damage to the shingles and extends the life of the roof.
  • Gutter cleaning: We also clean the gutters to ensure that they are free of debris and functioning properly. This helps to prevent water damage to the roof and the rest of the house.


Roof repair is necessary when there is damage or wear and tear that needs to be addressed. Here are some of the techniques we use for roof repair:

  • Shingle replacement: We replace damaged or missing shingles to ensure that the roof is properly sealed and protected from the elements.
  • Flashing repair: We repair or replace damaged flashing to prevent water from seeping into the roof and causing damage.
  • Leak repair: We identify and repair any leaks in the roof to prevent water damage to the rest of the house.

Roofing Industry

As a roofing company, we are well-versed in the various certifications and regulations that govern our industry. In this section, we will provide a brief overview of these important aspects of roofing.


Roofing contractors must also comply with a variety of regulations at the local, state, and federal levels. Some of the most important regulations include:

  • OSHA Safety Standards: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) sets safety standards that all roofing contractors must follow. These standards cover topics such as fall protection, ladder safety, and electrical hazards.
  • Building Codes: Local and state building codes dictate the minimum standards for roofing installations. Contractors must ensure that their work meets these codes to ensure the safety and durability of the roof.
  • Environmental Regulations: Some roofing materials, such as asbestos, can pose a health hazard if not handled properly. Contractors must follow strict regulations to ensure that these materials are disposed of safely.

In conclusion, as a roofing company, we understand the importance of certifications and regulations in our industry. 

By staying up-to-date with these requirements, we can provide our customers with high-quality roofing solutions that meet the highest standards for safety and quality.

Roofing Costs

When it comes to roofing, costs can vary greatly depending on factors unique to your home. In this section, we will discuss the estimation process and financing options available for you.


Estimating the cost of a new roof can be challenging, but it is an essential step in the process. Factors that can affect the cost of a new roof install include:

  • Roof size and pitch
  • Roofing material
  • Labor costs
  • Roofing system components
  • Roofing permits and inspections

Financing Options

A new roof is a significant financial investment, and we understand that it may not be feasible to pay for it upfront. Fortunately, there are financing options available to help you cover the cost of a new roof.

Some financing options to consider include:

  • Home equity loans
  • Personal loans
  • Credit cards
  • Roofing financing programs (call us at 845-364-8200 to discuss our promos)

When considering financing options, be sure to compare interest rates and terms to find the best option for you. It is also essential to factor in any additional fees or charges that may be associated with the financing option.

Chimney FlashingMore Contractor Terms

  • Siding: a material used to cover the exterior of a building and protect it from weather damage.
  • Roofing: the process of installing or repairing a roof on a building.
  • Gutters: a system of channels that collects and diverts rainwater away from a building’s foundation.
  • Windows: an opening in a wall or roof of a building that allows light and air to enter.
  • Doors: a movable barrier used to block off an entrance or exit to a building.
  • Decking: a flat surface capable of supporting weight, typically constructed outdoors and often elevated from the ground.
  • Fencing: a barrier used to enclose an area, typically made of wood, metal, or vinyl.
  • Masonry: the craft of building with stone, brick, or concrete blocks.
  • Painting: the process of applying paint to a surface to protect and decorate it.
  • Stucco: a material used to cover the exterior of a building and provide a decorative finish.
  • Chimney: a vertical structure used to vent smoke and gases from a fireplace or furnace.
  • Trim: decorative woodwork used to finish the edges of windows, doors, and other exterior features.
  • Fascia: a board that runs along the edge of a roofline and covers the ends of rafters.
  • Soffit: the underside of a roof overhang, typically finished with wood or vinyl panels.
  • Flashing: a material used to seal joints and prevent water from entering a building.
  • Caulking: a material used to seal gaps and cracks between building materials.
  • Insulation: a material used to reduce heat loss or gain and improve energy efficiency.
  • Pressure washing: the process of using high-pressure water to clean exterior surfaces.

Rockland County, New York

  • Airmont, NY, 10901, 10952
  • Bardonia, NY, 10954
  • Blauvelt, NY, 10913
  • Chestnut Ridge, NY, 10952, 10965, 10977
  • Congers, NY, 10920
  • Monsey, NY, 10952
  • Nanuet, NY 10954
  • New City, NY 10956
  • Nyack, NY  10960
  • Orangeburg, NY 10962
  • Palisades, NY  10964
  • Pearl River, NY, 10965
  • Pomona, NY, 10970
  • Spring Valley, NY, 10977
  • Stony Point, NY, 10980
  • Suffern, NY, 10901
  • Tappan, NY, 10983
  • Thiells, NY, 10984
  • Tuxedo Park, NY, 10987
  • Valley Cottage, NY, 10989
  • West Nyack, NY, 10994
  • Wesley Hills, NY, 10952, 10977

Westchester County, New York

  • Ardsley, NY, 10502
  • Bedford, NY, 10506
  • Bronxville, NY, 10708
  • Dobbs Ferry, NY, 10522
  • Eastchester, NY, 10707, 10709
  • Harrison, NY, 10528
  • Irvington, NY, 10533
  • Larchmont, NY, 10538
  • Mamaroneck, NY, 10543
  • New Rochelle, NY, 10801, 10802, 10804, 10805
  • Pelham, NY, 10803
  • Rye, NY, 10580
  • Scarsdale, NY, 10530, 10583
  • Tarrytown, NY, 10591
  • Tuckahoe, NY, 10707
  • Valhalla, NY, 10595
  • White Plains, NY, 10601, 10602, 10603, 10604, 10605, 10606, 10607, 10610

Bergen County, New Jersey

  • Allendale, NJ, 07401
  • Belleville, NJ, 07109
  • Bergenfield, NJ, 07621
  • Bloomfield, NJ, 07003
  • Cedar Grove, NJ, 07009
  • Clifton, NJ, 07011, 07012, 07013, 07014, 07015
  • Dumont, NJ, 07628
  • Emerson, NJ, 07630
  • Englewood, NJ, 07631, 07632
  • Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 07632
  • Fair Lawn, NJ, 07410
  • Glen Rock, NJ, 07452
  • Harrington Park, NJ, 07640
  • Hillsdale, NJ, 07642
  • Ho-Ho-Kus, NJ, 07423
  • Lyndhurst, NJ, 07071
  • Mahwah, NJ, 07430, 07495
  • Montclair, NJ, 07042, 07043
  • Montvale, NJ, 07645
  • New Milford, NJ, 07646
  • Nutley, NJ, 07110
  • Oakland, NJ, 07436
  • Old Tappan, NJ, 07675
  • Oradell, NJ, 07649
  • Paramus, NJ, 07652, 07653
  • Ridgewood, NJ, 07450, 07451
  • River Edge, NJ, 07661
  • River Vale, NJ, 07675
  • Saddle River, NJ, 07458
  • Teaneck, NJ, 07666
  • Tenafly, NJ, 07670
  • Upper Saddle River, NJ, 07458
  • Waldwick, NJ, 07463
  • Westwood, NJ, 07675, 07677
  • Woodcliff, NJ, 07047
  • Wyckoff, NJ, 07481

Segelman roofing The experienced professionals for all your exterior needs


Roofing Contractor New City

Get Help Now!

New York: 845-364-8200

New Jersey: 201-530-9500

Westchester: 914-874-1197

LIC# ROC: H-09509-23 
LIC# WC:23380-H10 
LIC # Yonkers: 5443
LIC# NJ: 13vh01677400


Segelman Shaw Roofing Siding & Gutters

1 Executive Blvd., Suite 105B, Suffern, NY 10901

NJ: 201-530-9500
NY: 845-364-8200
WC: 914-874-1197 

Subscribe to our mailing list

Copyright © 2019 letsroof. All rights reserved.